The latest discovery at
ABBASI Hassan Siyavash AWESTA
The latest discovery of
the Persian civilisation, has interested the magazine called
“dossier d’archeologie” which has dedicated its number of a 145
pages of the October month 2003 (n 287)to the fabulous discovery at
The month of October 2003
has informed us throughout all the media of this discovery, which
took place after the 2001 flood, which the surface was filled of an
extraordinary quantity of funerary settings filled of objects.
We are presenting to you
few passages of the articles written by martin gozlan, Jean Perrot,
Youssef Majidzadeh, Karl Lamberg Karlowski .
A “before” and an
The discovery of the
Jiroft knocks over the ideas received. From now on there will be a
before and an after Jiroft. The existence of an old culture from a
high artistic level inside the Iranian plateau puts an end to our
entire question concerning the origins of these prestigious
artefacts made of chlorite found on the oriental sites of the
Euphrates at Indus. By revealing a iconography and an independent
culture, Jiroft drives the need of, once again asking the question
of the influence of the Iranian plateau on the bases of Mesopotamia
and the sumerian iconography.
Expressions such as “intercultural style” or “transelamite” are now obsolete .We could talk of an “Jiroft style” or of Kerman, of an Iranian iconography, elamite, or pre elamite, depending on their age, if we spread the appellation “elham” throughout the plateau, on the east side until the lut desert. Transposed on the Mesopotamia cultural context, this iconography will be left exotic, in the form of a prestigious artefact, where it would be re interpreted according to the functions of the environment; eventually she will be modified in its elements and in its organisation. It is less probable that she could have conserved its first original aspect. From as far as more than 1000 km of Kerman, on the rabic peninsula parts, the shores of the Euphrate and of the tiger or the stretches of the central Asia.
The civilisation was not
born where we thought it was!
By Martin GOZLAN
The discovery in Iran of
a civilisation old of 7000 turns all the archaeological data’s ups
and down. Another world has preceded Sumer. Welcome to Jiroft, the
valley of the first philosophical artists. Inside a lost valley at
the south east of Iran, between the eternal snow of the Djebel Barez
, and the Hormoz Detroit, on the Persian golf , laid down for
thousands of years an untouched secret. Those of the rise of our
civilisation. A couple of weeks ago, we firmly believed that it has
begun at Sumer, at Mesopotamia. And all of a sudden like a lightning
bolt for the decipher of the past, a storm of adrenaline for the
archaeologist: The human thought, its vision over the beauty and of
the terrible .Its quest for a social organisation, its chaotic
exploration for a superior principle, all of these has been shaped
and token form a few century before Sumer, 1000 km more toward
south, at Jiroft, in Iran. Nothing corresponds to what we knew any
more, all the certitude crumbles down. In the past, of never having
to be dogmatic on an ideology, let us beware forever! Jiroft would
of staid an obscure place, despite lights of its sky and the
splendour of its palm groves, of its green water river, the
sumptuous Halil roud, did not get out of his bed in 2001. The floods
made to come back to the surface an extraordinary quantity of
funerary settings, filled of thousands of blue shaded artefacts.
Many vases an cups, made of chlorite and of copper .All that a
millennium ritual could of bury inside the tombs of its disappeared
ones for a travel that ends here, in a providential swelling, among
the fascinated villagers of the Kerman province, where no ones goes
there, only when they import throughout all Iran the inflated fruit
of a truly oriental paradise.
A new look on the origins
of the oriental civilisation.
The information that we
dispose at the moment does not allow us more than a rescue
operation. They do not authorise any statistic and even less of
analysing between the diverse elements of the collection made.
However, due to the spread and efficiency of the Iranian
archaeological services, this material, is not without a conserve a
certain unit. Concerning its origins, the valley of the Halil roud
at the south of the Jiroft. Inside the Kerman province; from the
fact that it could be dated, in general, of the third millennium
before J.C; from the fact that again, in their absolute totality,
the artefact that are presented here come from tombs, cemeteries,
which are prolonged to about 40 km on the side of the two shores of
Halil roud situated at the south of Jiroft. This cemetery belongs to
the villages and the cities where the relics have been located. They
weren’t touched at all by the looters; their methodical exploration
is running under the charge of professor Yousef Majidzadeh , in
charge of the Jirfot program in Iran.
The documentation’s that
are already gathered gives the answers to a Seri of question asked
in the past decade concerning the beginning of the oriental
By filling and completing the archaeological data’s, already gathered in the Kerman province, mainly situated o the site of Shahda and of the Tepe Yahya , they reveal the existence , at the south east of Iran, of an important cultural centre which was
barely seen until now .
This part of the country was known to have nomad tribes, which use
to live there a long time ago. Question were asked about the
presence in Mesopotamia or on the side of the Arabic peninsula of
the prestigious artefacts imported, mainly consisted of vases made
of chlorite decorated by half-precious stones, finding here an
answer; The Iranian origin are confirmed and also the possibility
that their iconography had influence those of the Sumerian world.
Unlike a current opinion that up until now made the Mesopotamia the
unique and shinning centre of the technological and economical
development, social and cultural, political, and artistically of the
first historic civilisation. The Jiroft discovery, created the
reflection; she guides us to take a new look about the origins and
formation of the oriental civilisation from the fourth and the third
millennium before J.C, just like the French and the foreign
specialist of Iranian archaeology have recognised it.
There would be from now
on a before and an after Jiroft. The content of this number of the
“dossier d’archeologie” is to deliver quickly to the knowledge of
the archaeological community and for all the public, data’s where
everyone will felt the interest and the importance of it. It is
published by the lined authorisation given to the Faton edition of
reproducing a large part of the illustration of the catalogue
prepared by professor Youssef Majidzadeh from the archaeological
research centre of the patrimonial cultural organisation of Iran.
The site of Jiroft is situated inside the Kerman province. Covers a
surface of around 18000 km2 .it adjoins at the east to the Seistan
and Balouchestan provinces; at the west the sites of baftand Sirjan;
at the north and north east, respectively, the mountain hill region
of Jabel baryof the sardouyeh and the of the country of Bam ;at the
south finally, the hormozgan province , an altitude of generally
650mtr but the depression of the Jiroft is encircled by volcanic
summit (Jebel Barez, Sar douiyeh) which reaches in its highest
points to 4400mtr.The climate of the Jiroft is hot and humid, nearly
tropical .This big diversity of the climate explains the variation
of the agricultural production, tropical and also belonging to the
cold regions .The main source of water in Jiroft is the Halil roud
,which goes down from the north west to the south west ,of 4
mountains , Balt, hezar, lalezar and Bhar aseman; it waters the
whole length of the region of Jiroft before ending inside the
Jazmurian swamp .Its total length is of 400 km2 ;Its basin is spread
at around 8400km2.Its been a few years that a dam has been
constructed at 40 km upstream from the town of Jiroft , in order to
develop the irrigation for the region .the Lac has reduce compare to
the normal flow of the river and at certain period of the day it is
nearly or totally dry .In the past ,since the fifth millennium
until today ,the Halili roud and 3 of the oldest river that are
least important , the Shour , the Khoshkand, the melenti, also the
seasonal river that furnishes the necessary water for the cultures
of the region .These particular climate and geographical conditions
,highly temperate mountains on the north , vast fertile plain ,
humid and sub tropical at the centre , tropical at the south , have
doted this part of Iran of an exceptional environment . Within
conditions as favourable as these, the halil roud basin has become
an economical centre in the ancient oriental well as cultural and
artistically important. Fine works of art, in particular chlorite
vases produced inside different workshops all along the third
millennium, were exported throughout the ancient orient.
publication mentioned a lot of artefacts found in the excavation at
the south west of Iran, inside multiple Simerian cities, in the
Diyala and until Mari on the middle Euphrates; at Tarut inside the
Persian Gulf; on the coast of the Arabic peninsula.
At the beginning of the
year 2001, a few habitat of Jiroft committed themselves for a
clandestine excavation. These illegal excavations were made on the
400 km of the Halil roud shores, from its source inside the
mountains of Hezar and of lalezar, until north. These reprehensible
activities were progressing on the sight and knowledge of the
functionaries throughout a whole year Unfortunately the patrimony of
the organisation couldn’t intervene through the police since it
couldn’t assure the safety of the archaeologist.
The extent of the
destruction was considerable. Thousand of people have participated
to the carnage, for the search of the treasure.
They search from early
the morning until when the sun went down.
A square of 6x6mtr was
allotted to each family, by the worries of the equity; a fragment of
the same surface was given to groups of 6 widows.
The professor Cori c.
“25 years ago, I was
finishing my excavation program at Tepe Yahya, an iconography that
puts into the same...
None of the
archaeological searches had battles of snakes, lions, facts that
were undertaken since then in the south of Zebus, architectural
motifs, were, from Iran.
This dramatic discovery
has known long periods of times .We know that the discovery of the
Jiroft at 75 km of Tepe Yahya, turns upside down our comprehension
of this region. In the process of the excavation Tepe Yahya in Iran,
it puts back our vision to the right spot. We have discovered
fundamental conceptual workshops which had a connection between the
origins of the fabrications of the chlorite vases and of the middle
east civilisation, In 1973,